History of Weight Loss Surgery (Bariatric Surgery)
The story of bariatric surgery begins in the mid-1800s. It was then that scientists began to study obesity, which was becoming a growing problem in America. One scientist named William Banting published an essay about his experience with weight loss after having gastric bypass surgery. He had struggled with obesity for years before undergoing the procedure and losing nearly 26 pounds almost immediately. His essay helped others see how effective this type of surgery could be for weight loss.
What is Weight Loss Surgery?
Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is a surgical procedure that helps morbidly obese patients lose weight. By reducing the size of the stomach and/or bypassing some of the small intestines, weight loss surgery helps reduce food intake. It can be used as a tool for those who have been unsuccessful with traditional methods of weight loss.
Categories of Weight Loss Surgery
There are many types of weight-loss surgeries available, but they all fall into two categories: restrictive and malabsorptive. Restrictive surgeries generally do not change the anatomy or functioning of the digestive system, except that they reduce its size.
1. Restrictive Weight Loss Surgery: is one of the most effective ways to lose weight because it restricts your stomach’s capacity. The surgery involves placing a band around your stomach or creating a small pouch at the top of your stomach, which limits how much food you can eat.
2. Malabsorptive Weight Loss Surgery: is the only treatment that allows for permanent weight loss in patients with morbid obesity. The surgeries are designed to cause food malabsorption so patients lose weight by consuming fewer calories than they need. Malabsorptive gastric bypass (also known as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, RYGB).
Types of Weight Loss Surgery
There are three main types of weight loss surgeries: gastric bypass, gastric banding, and sleeve gastrectomy. Gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy make the stomach smaller, so you feel full earlier when eating and digest food more slowly.
1. Gastric Bypass Surgery: is a surgical procedure used to treat morbid obesity. Gastric bypass surgery changes the stomach and/or small intestine to limit food intake, or change how food is absorbed into the body. The procedure also has potential side effects that are worth considering before making any decisions about undergoing this type of weight loss surgery.
3. Gastric Sleeve Surgery: is one of the most popular operations for patients who wish to lose weight. It is called a gastric sleeve because it removes the majority of the stomach, leaving only a small tube-like structure about the size of your thumb. There are two main types of gastric sleeve surgery: open sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgical (MIS) bariatric procedures. The procedure can be performed through both open and minimally invasive techniques.
Who can benefit from weight loss surgery?
We all know that obesity in America has reached epidemic proportions. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than one-third of adults are obese, while 17 percent fall into the morbidly obese category. Surgical weight loss is a personal decision and not for everyone, but some people may be good candidates. If you have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, your doctor might recommend that you try weight-loss surgery to help manage your weight.
What are the risks of weight loss surgery?
Weight loss surgery is a serious, life-altering decision with benefits and risks. In fact, the FDA recently issued a warning about the risks of this procedure. A recent survey found that 30% of patients who have had weight loss surgery have experienced complications within two years from the operation. One of the greatest risks comes from those who have been given a gastric bypass, which is one of the most common forms of weight loss surgery. This type of surgery reduces the size of the stomach and reroutes food through a small opening to limit calorie intake. After this type of surgery, some patients experience problems with vitamin absorption. It is a well-known fact that obesity is a risk factor for several chronic diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. And while weight loss surgery can be an effective tool for achieving a healthier weight, the decision to undergo such surgery should not be taken lightly.
Is it expensive to have weight loss surgery?
The cost of weight loss surgery varies widely and is dependent upon the place where you live and the type of procedure. The most important factor in determining how much weight loss surgery costs is your location. For example, if you live in a state like Florida or Texas, you will pay less for weight loss surgery due to competition among surgeons and hospitals.
Symptoms or side effects of weight loss surgery?
The side effects of weight loss surgery vary for each individual, but in general, the biggest concern is nutritional deficiencies. Weight loss surgery changes the way that your digestive system works to make it easier to absorb calories from food and fluids. This change in indigestion can lead to malabsorption, which means that there are fewer nutrients absorbed into the bloodstream or lymphatic system.
Can you gain back the weight after losing it with weight loss surgery?
Being overweight is an extremely common problem in western countries. The number of people suffering from obesity is constantly increasing and this trend does not seem to be changing shortly. Therefore, many obese people decide to undergo weight loss surgery to reduce their weight and improve their health conditions. However, very often, these patients quickly gain back all the lost weight after surgery.
Every year, an estimated 100 million adults are overweight, and over a third of those consider bariatric surgery as a possible solution to their weight problems. If you find yourself struggling with obesity, you may be wondering if bariatric surgery is right for you. Before you go under the knife, be sure to learn as much as possible about weight loss surgery. Consider talking to a nutritionist or an expert in this field for advice and information before committing to the procedure.